Eva Gonzalès (April 19, 1849—May 6, 1883) was a French painter in the Impressionism art movement.
Gonzalès was born in Paris into a wealthy & educated family. Her father was a writer and her mother a musician.
When she turned 16, Gonzales began professional art training. Like all the other female Impressionists, Gonzales could not attend the prestigious art school, Ecole des Beaux-Arts. This school did not accept women at all!
Fortunate for her, having upper-class status gave her the opportunity to pursue her artistic career privately. She had the financial resources to hire the best teachers.
Edouard Manet and the Impressionists
In 1869, Gonzales met the painter, Édouard Manet who was active in the impressionism art movement. Manet immediately recognized her talent and took her on as his private student, much to Berthe Morisot’s annoyance!
Having Manet as her teacher, brought Gonzales into frequent contact Berthe Morisot, who was eight years older and already an accomplished painter. Through remaining letters, we know that Morisot was always jealous of the attention Manet gave to Gonzales.
Gonzales was the only student Manet ever accepted. Manet painted a portrait of Gonzales, completed in March 1870. He exhibited that painting at the Salon in that year.
Being Manet’s student, exposed Gonzales to the avante garde scene in Paris. She met and befriended many of the impressionist painters.
Gonzales viewed the way the impressionists challenged the artistic establishment. On the sidelines, she saw how they repeatedly, submitted daring, unconventional paintings to the official Salon. She did not exhibit with them as she saw how they were always rejected.
Gonzalès also never exhibited in any of the Impressionism art movement exhibitions. However, the impressionists had a huge impact on her painting style.
She married a friend of Manet, Henri Charles Guérard, who was a fairly famous and celebrated French engraver and lithographer. The couple socially mixed with many painters, including Paul Cézanne.
Gonzales’s Painting Style & Subject Matter
Eva Gonzales, like all the Impressionists, sometimes ventured outside to paint plein-air. However she rarely painted landscapes. Like the female impressionists, Mary Cassatt and Berthe Morisot, Gonzales’s choice of subject matter was almost exclusively of women and children.
She often used her family and female friends as models. They either posed or she painted them as they were busy in their everyday lives.
Unfortunately, her life and artistic career ended early. Gonzales died at the young age of 34 from childbirth complications. Ironically, her death was five days after the death of her teacher and friend, Edouard Manet.
Museums in Paris
The artwork she left behind is small, only around 120 paintings. Most of her paintings are owned by private collectors.
However, quite a few of Eva Gonzales’s paintings are on display at the Marmottan Art Museum in Paris.
You can also view a couple of Gonzales’s paintings at the magnificent Impressionist Museum – Musee D’Orsay.
Another painting of Gonzales’s is exhibited in the Petit Palais.